What is Yoga?
In Western culture, Yoga is often considered as a physical exercise to help with physical recovery or build flexibility. However, this ancient philosophical doctrine of India is a more or less a spiritual practice, which uses the incorporation of postures, meditation and breathing management to create a harmonious relationship of the physical body with the mind. Other effects of practicing yoga are the promotion of inner harmony through stimulation and full exploitation of intellectual potential.
This ancient spiritual discipline consists of a blend of physical poses (asana), breathing (pranayama) and various meditation exercises. The body and mind go through harmony and stimulation. The goal of practicing yoga is to restore internal harmony and thereby restore not only physical health but also internal harmony and mental well-being.
If you’re looking for peace and inner harmony should practice yoga. Only a small dose of yoga is enough to help you focus better in ordinary circumstances and for better mind control.
Most yoga training programs offered by the best yoga retreats around the world are overseen by highly qualified yoga tutors. There are classes of different levels for amateurs, as well as advanced courses for professionals to practice the art of yoga.
What is the origin of yoga?
India is the birthplace of the practice of Yoga. The oldest mentions of yoga were found in the Upanishad. This is not surprising since yoga is originally a part of the ancient Indian healing practice of Ayurveda and was designed to aid the healing methods of Ayurvedic scholars and prevent the spread of diseases.
Archeological and scriptural findings tell us that Yoga was being used in India for self-knowledge and meditation since 800 BC. The main objective was to strengthen the body and mind so that practitioners can remain in the meditation position for as long as possible without feeling pain. Over time the positive effects of Yoga exercises on people’s general well-being were recognized and it became a central part of Indian spiritual practices. Thus, the number of Yoga postures grew constantly and physical activity became increasingly important. Lately, yoga has also been developed as a technique to learn mind control for weight loss, for different sports and impulse control.
Yoga is one of the 6 of the classical school ancient of Hindu philosophy. There are many different types of yoga; They often built their own philosophy and their styles of physical and meditational practices. Some focus on physical postures more, others on breathing exercises, and some styles focus on mental concentration or asceticism.
We must differentiate an art formed in the twentieth century as a branch of Yoga, specializing in gymnastics and traumatology, which is responsible for linking dynamism and muscular strength with mind control, breathing and relaxation; This is Pilates.
What are the benefits of practicing Yoga?
- … In everyday life: Yoga brings positive energy and harmony
The exercise has “miraculous” effects and provides total relaxation, more energy, vision and reduces pain, migraines, back pain, contractures.
- … Yoga helps with Realization of unexpected talents
Certain exercises stimulate creativity and artistic skills or can improve positive aura. The internalization of yoga leads to the opening of other levels of consciousness.
- … the real me and the cosmos
In yoga, through disciplined practice and patience seeks unity between the real self, realization, and union with the spiritual.
What are the different styles of Yoga?
Indian classical texts describe four types of Yoga:
Raja Yoga: The Yoga of Spiritualism
Raja means king or lord. In this form of yoga the senses, the movements of the spirit and the waves of thought are controlled. Raja Yoga is a spiritual discipline that uses mental training exercises and meditation. Through intensive concentration, total mind control, and deep meditation, the senses can be perfectly controlled. The goal of the exercises is mastery and development of the mind, which is traditionally equated with the opening of the third eye (Ajna Chakra).
Jnana Yoga: Yoga for the pursuit of knowledge
Also called the “Path of Knowledge”, it is the search for ultimate truth for the redemption of human life in the cycle of rebirth. According to the avidya Hindu philosophy, “ignorance” is the cause of rebirth.
Ideally, the practice of this yoga is divided into three phases that alternate: Shravana, listening to the guru share knowledge with students; Tomorrow, reflection and internalization of the knowledge acquired Nididhyasana and, finally, deep meditation continues.
Bhakti Yoga: Yoga of love and devotion to God
Bhakti is the term used for the yoga of love and describes the path to God. It is a particularly spiritual form of yoga and is influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism more than other types. It is dedicated to God and its internal realization.
Karma Yoga: Yoga of action and altruistic behavior
Kharma Yoga can be practiced by beginners, it can be dedicated all day, as it applies to all human activities. Man is supposed to bring responsibility for his behavior at all times and throughout his life and can freely choose his decisions.
Hatha Yoga: Modern Yoga
The practices of this modern yoga are more focused on postures and can be put together under the terminology “Hatha Yoga”. Its main objectives are physical and mental stability. A branch of Hatha Yoga, Iyengar Yoga is widespread in Europe and North America and is also based on body postures; If necessary, help can be found.
This is an advantage especially for beginners as this allows the successful completion of the exercises and improves the accuracy of the postures.
The Bikram yoga is a quality of this hatha yoga but at high temperatures in a heated room between 40-45 °.
What are the important things to consider when practicing Yoga?
In yoga, a healthy diet is not only to strengthen the body, but also the spirit. It is important to drink a lot, up to 3 liters per day, preferably water and herbal tea.
What you eat, when and how it can have a great influence on physical condition and mood. Therefore, it is advisable to eat fresh and natural foods, in the most relaxed way and as slowly as possible. The basic rule is not to fill your stomach more than half of the solid foods, add a quarter of the remaining volume of water, the last third should remain empty to avoid heaviness and inertia. The motto of a healthy lifestyle is “you have to eat to live, not live to eat.”
In yoga, being a vegetarian is derived from what is recommended to live in harmony with nature. With regard to this way of life, a principle that should not inflict unnecessary violence on living beings, not torture, much less kill animals to eat.
What kind of food a Yoga practitioner should consume?
Tamas (inertia), rajas (restlessness) and sattva (luminosity), which describe the three spiritual components that affect human beings, as well as throughout the universe.
Foods that are “Tamas” do not provide any vital force, that is, they are not healthy. Eliminate body strength and energy. Prepared foods, alcohol, tobacco, drugs, meat and fish fall under this category.
“Rajas” food refers to anything that excites and generates a nervous reaction. Foods like coffee, very spicy foods, sugar, and white flour are part of this. Fast food is also considered insufficient because it can be harmful to health.
Nutrition based on “sattva” products is ideal for Yoga practitioners. It includes foods such as vegetables, salads, fruits, nuts, whole grains, and dairy products.
For yoga, you should dress comfortably and wear clothes in which you feel good. Clothing must be fresh and „ breathable “. Baggy pants and shirts are perfect. If you want to live in accordance with the philosophy of yoga you must take great care and be respectful of the environment. Get organic cotton clothes and breathable natural fibers , because yoga puts great emphasis on the nurturing and conservation of natural resources.
What are the effects of practicing Yoga?
Through Yoga you will increase your health, immersing yourself in a world of mental and physical harmony. Many of the Yoga exercises seem to be a physical challenge, especially at the beginning, but they are, in fact, moderate and harmony. The exercises focus on certain parts of the body and activate very precise areas. In this regard, blood circulation is stimulated and leads to well-being. Basically yoga – insofar as it is practiced correctly – has many positive effects on the body and mind. It affects the entire structure of the muscles of the body, which can optionally relieve certain pathologies such as circulatory disorders or chronic headaches and backaches.
Yoga promotes inner harmony and mental stability and therefore helps many people cope with stress. Its success is mainly due to the slow and gradual increase in the level of difficulty of the exercises. Step by step the mobility of your body will improve. Listening to the body and paying attention to the smallest signals prevents any form of exhaustion.